learning disabilties at cornerstone educational solutions
Did you know? Interesting Facts about learning disabilities
learning disabilities, dislexia at cornerstone
Learning disabilities are determined to exist when children have difficulty learning even though they have the cognitive ability (IQ- intelligence) and have been in an appropriate educational environment. A child with a learning disability appears to have the ability to do well in academic endeavors but for some reason, they struggle in at least one academic area (ex. Basic reading, reading comprehension, math calculation, math application, writing expression, listening comprehension and oral expression). These students are not performing up to their potential therefore creating a “discrepancy” between their ability (IQ) and academic progress in at least one area. Along with the discrepancy, a student identified as learning disabled must also have a processing deficit (auditory processing, visual processing, visual motor integration, cognitive processes, or attention) that is contributing to their academic problems. For example, a student may have trouble processing auditory information (what they hear). This may result in a child who can not follow multistep or even simple directions. He may also not understand what he hears or reads and may have to have information repeated multiple times. If a student has a “processing deficit” this may be the reason he is struggling in an academic area. Based on his cognitive ability (IQ), we would expect him to perform at a certain level, but his processing deficit is preventing him from reaching his potential.

"Dyslexia is the
most common
learning disability"
Learning Disabilities are often
classified as follows:
1. Dyslexia is the term used when children have difficulty learning to read.
2. Dysgraphia is the term used when children have difficulty with writing.
3. Dyscalculia is the term used when children have difficulty with mathematics.

Dyslexia is the most common learning disability. Most children with dyslexia have trouble recognizing the basic sounds of speech (phonemes). They often have trouble connecting the speech sound (i.e. the “b” sound) with the letter symbol for that sound (“b”). Difficulties with phonological processing make it hard for children with dyslexia to sound out words. Because of the time it often takes to sound out a word, the meaning of the word is often lost which can result in poor reading comprehension. Trouble with spelling is often found as well, given the difficulties in putting phonemes together to form words.

Early detection of dyslexia is key to remediation. Warning signs, beginning in preschool and kindergarten, include pronunciation problems, difficulty rhyming words, problems learning the connection between letters and sounds, letter reversals, inversions, transpositions, difficulty sounding out words, and resistance to reading activities.
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